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Augustine on Monergism - Summary UNAPOLOGETICA.BLOGSPOT.COM The following is a summary of Augustine's monergistic beliefs regarding the doctrines of grace, culled from his various works (links to full... Read more
Most Calvinists are familiar with the acronym TULIP which stands for Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, and Perseverance of the saints. There is another TULIP which may not be as familiar. T — Total Humility U — Unconditional Kindness L — Limited Criticism I — Irresistible Graciousness P — Perseverance in Patience I learned of this acronym from an article called "The Doctrines of Graciousness", which is found here: https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/the-doctrines-of-graciousness . I think every Calvinist (and every non-Calvinist too) should read it. Here is a link to the blog post where I learned about the article: https://insanitybytes2.wordpress.com/2018/07/12/your-theological-crisis-was-preordained/#like-175182
Commentaries regularly discuss three main interpretations of Gen 1:1 in relation to the subsequent verses. (1) According to the first, traditional interpretation, Gen 1:1 describes the initial event among God’s acts of creation. Verse 2 then gives circumstantial information about the state of the earth at an early point. (2) According to the second interpretation, Gen 1:1 functions as a temporal subordinate clause: “In the beginning, when God created the heaven and the earth, the earth was without form....” (3) According to the third interpretation, Gen 1:1 is a summary of the entire sequence of divine acts described in vv. 2–31. It does not describe the very first event that led to the creation of the earth and its unformed state in v. 2. Rather, the first act of making things starts with v. 3, and Gen 1 offers no comment on how the unformed earth of v. 2 came into being.1 Vern S. Poythress is Professor of New Testament Interpretation at Westminster Theological Seminary. PoythressVernGenesis1.1IsTheFirstEventNotASummary.pdf
Now that I have your attention let me explain what I mean by my title. The Acrostic TULIP is often used to describe Calvinism, however the Acrostic itself is a fairly recent construction (a little over 100 years old) and it is merely of modern summary of statements made in response to certain historical disagreements within the Church of Jesus Christ (the remonstrants). As such is it a negative polemical tool designed for use in specific area of discussion - it is not a positive a statement of 'Calvinism' or Biblical soteriology. Properly understood and positively stated (as briefly as possible) Calvinism is the doctrine of God's absolute sovereignty over his creation to order it as he sees fit for his own Glory.
John Calvin Foundation laid by Augustine Total Depravity - Human beings are so affected by the negative consequences of original sin that they are incapable of being righteous, and are always and unchangeably sinful; human freedom is totally enslaved by sin so we can only choose evil.
Unconditional Election - Since human beings cannot choose for themselves, God by His eternal decree has chosen or elected some to be counted as righteous, without any conditions being placed on that election.
Limited Atonement - The effects of the Atonement, by which God forgave sinful humanity, are limited only to those whom He has chosen.
Irresistible Grace - The grace that God extends to human beings to effect their election cannot be refused, since it has been decreed by God.
Perseverance of the Saints - Since God has decreed the elect, and they cannot resist grace, they are unconditionally and eternally secure in that election.
John Wesley Foundation laid by Arminius Deprivation - Human beings are sinful and without God, incapable (deprived) on their own of being righteous; however, they are not irredeemably sinful and can be transformed by God’s grace; God's prevenient grace restores to humanity the freedom of will.
Conditional Election - God has chosen that all humanity be righteous by His grace, yet has called us to respond to that grace by exercising our God-restored human freedom as a condition of fulfilling election.
Unlimited Atonement - The effects of the Atonement are freely available to all those whom He has chosen, which includes all humanity, "whosoever will."
Resistible Grace - God’s grace is free and offered without merit; however, human beings have been granted freedom by God and can refuse His grace.
Assurance and Security - There is security in God’s grace that allows assurance of salvation, but that security is in relation to continued faithfulness; we can still defiantly reject God.