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John Calvin puts forward a very simple reason why love is the greatest gift: “Because faith and hope are our own: love is diffused among others.” In other words, faith and hope benefit the possessor, but love always benefits another. In John 13:34–35 Jesus says, “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” Love always requires an “other” as an object; love cannot remain within itself, and that is part of what makes love the greatest gift.

"God may be all in all" and the eternal subordination of the Son (1 Corinthians 15:28)

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 1 Corinthians 15:28
  When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all (NASB).


 A. Those who deny the Lord Jesus is God will sometimes cite 1 Corinthians 15:28. They will point out that the Son will subject Himself to the Father. However, just because the Son does so does not negate Him being God. Functional subjection does not necessitate ontological inferiority (cf. Luke 2:51).

     1. NIDNTT: Although completely co-ordinated with God, he remains subordinate to him (cf. 1 Cor. 15:28) (2:80, God, J. Schneider, the underlined is mine).
          a. co-ordinate: (1) of the same order or degree; equal in rank or importance (Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, coordinate, page 321).

     2. Robert Bowman and J. Ed Komoszewski: if Paul is understood to mean that at the end the Son will change his status by subjecting himself to God, that implies that the Son is not currently subject to God. If Jesus is a creature, inferior to God, is it possible for him not to be subjected to God for even a minute?
 Recall the point we made earlier about the Son humbling himself to become a human being for the glory of the Father and the salvation of the lost. In his resurrection, as the "last Adam," Jesus Christ continues to be a man, retaining human nature (Acts 17:31; Rom. 8:11; 1 Cor. 15:45-47; 1 Tim. 2:5), albeit in a glorified, immortal state (1 Cor. 15:42-44; cf. Phil. 3:21). As a human being, the Son still honors and subjects himself to the Father as his God (e.g., John 20:17; 2 Cor. 1:3; Rev. 3:12). In that context, the Son, who is both fully God and fully man (cf. Col. 2:9), rightly and properly subjects himself to God the Father. But this fact about the relationship between God the Father and the incarnate Son does not diminish the Son's exalted status over all creation. He is still "Lord of all" (Rom. 10:12) (Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ, page 263).

     3. David Guzik: 

i. Those who deny the deity of Jesus say this verse proves their point. They take the submission of God the Son as “proof” that He must not be equal in deity to God the Father. But the submission of Jesus to the Father doesn’t come from any inherent inferiority; instead, it comes from the administrative order of the Godhead. A son is always in submission to his father, even if both are “equal” in substance.

ii. “The son of a king may be the equal of his father in every attribute of his nature, though officially inferior. So the eternal Son of God may be coequal with the Father, though officially subordinate.” (Hodge)

iii. “The Son’s subjection to his Father, which is mentioned in this place, doth no where prove his inequality of essence or power with his Father; it only signifieth what was spoken before, that Christ should deliver up his mediatory kingdom to his Father.” (Poole)

iv. Simply put, God the Father will always be God the Father, and God the Son will always be God the Son, and for all eternity they will continue to relate to each other as Father and Son.



 B. That the Son is subject to the Father brings the greatest glory to them both. Thus it is not demeaning at all for the Son but it is in fact the means whereby He receives His His greatest glory.

     1. Thomas Charles Edwards: As the willing subjection of the Church to Christ will be its greatest glory, so also the subjection of the Son will be the Son's highest honour. In Christ, in the Church, in every saint, God will fully and ever-increasingly reveal Himself, This is "the glory of God the Father," which is the final purpose attained through the glory of the saints and the Church (A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians, page 420, the underlined is mine).

          a. Notice that when the Son is worshiped (Philippians 2:10), thereby demonstrating that He is God, "the glory of God the Father" is achieved (Philippians 2:11).


 C. Revelation 21:22

 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. (NASB)

     1. The Lamb is God in that He and the Father will be "all in all."

          a. Matthew Poole: the immediate fruition of God shall there supply all, God shall be all in all, 1 Corinthians 15:28. 
          b. John Wesley: He fills the new heaven and the new earth. He surrounds the city and sanctifies it, and all that are therein. He is "all in all."

          c. John Gill: and the Lamb being joined with the Lord God Almighty, shows his deity and his equality with his Father.



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