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John Calvin puts forward a very simple reason why love is the greatest gift: “Because faith and hope are our own: love is diffused among others.” In other words, faith and hope benefit the possessor, but love always benefits another. In John 13:34–35 Jesus says, “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” Love always requires an “other” as an object; love cannot remain within itself, and that is part of what makes love the greatest gift.
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Can Your Soul Really Survive Social Media?

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I sometimes post pictures on Instagram of books I’m reading, usually just a stack on my table to let my followers know what I’m thinking about at the moment. The stack is almost always heavily redacted. It’s not (necessarily) a list of recommendations, but a real-time rundown of what I’m consuming. Even so, I would never include in the stack Why I Don’t Believe in God or Beyond Good and Evil or Why Country Music Is Awful, for fear that some might think I agree with those ridiculous arguments. There was one book I didn’t post on Instagram, though, for an entirely different reason: I didn’t want to be thought a hypocrite.

I still don’t, but the case was so compelling that I’ve decided I don’t care.

The book, Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now, by Silicon Valley scientist and entrepreneur Jason Lanier, was, in some ways, dealing with predictable issues familiar to the genre: addiction, attention spans, bullying, and so forth. What caught my attention, though, was the section dealing with something approaching a disturbing account of human nature—an account that rings true with what I’ve seen both in the digital and other ecosystems.

Those who fall repeatedly for self-evidently absurd concepts on the internet are looking for a place to belong, and that’s the price.

We all know that social media platforms amplify the voices of “trolls,” those extraordinarily wounded psyches who seek out such venues to vent their inner demons with anger. Lanier’s argument, though, is not just that social media give a hearing to trolls but that these media are making us all, a little bit, into trolls. He uses a word that is less-than-evangelical-friendly—but is synonymous with a boorish, mean-spirited jerk—and says that social media actually can make us into people like this.

Memefication of Truth

To make his case, Lanier compares human nature to that of wolves, arguing that in every human personality there is the mode of the solitary and the mode of the pack. When our “switch” is set to “Pack,” he contends, we shift into emergency mode, to the protection of the real or imagined “tribe.” This mode is necessary, he contends; think of when individuality should essentially evaporate into the larger collective, say, in a time of military attack. This should be rare, though, and the “switch” should usually be kept in “Solitary Wolf” mode. Lanier observes:

When the Solitary/Pack switch is set to Pack, we become obsessed with and controlled by a pecking order. We pounce on those below us, lest we be demoted, and we do our best to flatter and snipe at those above us at the same time. Our peers flicker between “ally” and “enemy” so quickly that we perceive them as individuals. They become archetypes from a comic book. The only constant basis of friendship is shared antagonism toward other packs.

This is why, he argues, nonsense is a more useful tool for building “viral” content than is reason or imagination or truth. When truth is defined by what is useful or “memeable,” one’s embrace of that “truth” is a signal not that it is based in reality but instead that it makes one part of the digital “pack.” Those who fall repeatedly for self-evidently absurd concepts on the internet are not necessarily stupid (though they may be). They are looking for a place to belong, and that’s the price.

If I find my identity in the community’s perception of me, I am no longer free to serve the community.

Lanier argues that capitalism and democracy cannot survive while “Pack” mode is permanently switched to “on.” He writes, “Tribal voting, personality cults, and authoritarianism are the politics of the Pack setting.” The solitary wolf, on the other hand, is forced to care about the larger reality more than the perceptions of the tribe. That leads to the qualities of the scientist or the artist as opposed to what happens when social status and “intrigue” become more important—a situation that forces one to act more “like an operator, a politician, or a slave.”

Church Splits and Twitter Wars

Lanier is right not only about the economic or democratic conditions around us, but also about a reality he doesn’t examine at all: the church. The church requires a balance between individuality and community. When individuality becomes disconnected from community, we refuse to submit to one another or to serve one another. But the opposite is also true. If I find my identity in the community, or in the community’s perception of me, I am no longer free to serve the community.

I can only do that if I bring to the community the gifts God has given to me, anchored in an identity found in Christ. That’s why the Spirit uses the analogy of the body and the organs of the body for life in the church—organically connected but distinguishable. Indeed, when the personal is absorbed into the raw rush to the collective, we end up with angry tribes within the church (“I am of Peter; I am of Apollos . . .” 1 Cor. 1:12). Those who do so are not selflessly serving the whole; they are instead seeking to selfishly find themselves, in a tribe they where they can war against another. This leads, the apostle tells us, to an animalistic biting and devouring of one another (Gal. 5:15).

Church splits and Twitter wars aren’t really all that different. Joining a cult and spending time wondering what people think about you online are different in degree, but maybe not that much in kind.

Joining a cult and spending time wondering what people think about you online are different in degree, but maybe not that much in kind.

I’m not arguing that we all should delete our social media accounts. I am wondering, though, if you should spend some time asking whether your social media account is leading you places you can’t handle. Are you given over more to anger or anxiety or envy or pack thinking? Then maybe it’s time to step back, or even to leave for a while.

After all, you weren’t created for a hive or a pack. You were created for a church. And for that, you need more than a tribe. You need a soul. Your church needs that from you, too.

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